South Sudan Latest Peace Agreement

Shearer said the coronavirus outbreak had slowed down the implementation of the peace agreement, “but the pandemic is not the only one to blame.” Sudan`s interim government and several rebel groups have signed a historic peace agreement in Juba, the capital of South Sudan. Hundreds of thousands of people have died in various conflicts, and observers say the road ahead could be difficult. The statement from the Minister of Presidential Affairs said that President Salva Kiir and Vice-President Riek Machar had agreed on the election of state governors. International pressure had intensified and the United States, the United Kingdom and Norway said in a joint statement this month that “any further delay creates uncertainty that undermines the (political) transition process. This has provoked the ire of experts who consider the court to be critical for peace. The key to achieving inclusive and lasting peace is to ensure public ownership and to find ways to involve civil society actors and marginalized communities, such as nomads, in dialogue, reconciliation and social peace initiatives. The negotiations were mainly an elitist process from top to bottom. Although the United Nations brought displaced persons, tribal leaders and women`s groups to Juba for a short period of time, civil society participation was limited. However, the Agreement provides that a wider range of stakeholders can be integrated into a global peace through reconciliation and transitional justice mechanisms, follow-up conferences and an inclusive national constitutional conference. Former Vice President Riek Machar returned for the first time since 2016 to attend a peace ceremony. Privately, other U.S. and Western officials doubt the foundations of the peace agreement and lament that the United States has no strategy to find another path to peace if it fails.

The SPLM-IO expected the new peace agreement to pave the way for Riek Machar`s permanent stay in the capital. But Machar needs to make sure he can stay there safely. He has finally had to flee the capital twice in the past, and in both circumstances, after peace agreements have been put in place.